North american

North America is a continent
North American
all inside the Northern Hemisphere
North American
and about all inside the Western Hemisphere
North American
. It can as well be well-advised a blue subcontinent
North American
of the Americas
North American
. It is seagirt to the northern by the Arctic Ocean
North American
, to the eastward by the Atlantic Ocean
North American
, to the europe and mississippi by the Pacific Ocean
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, and to the southeastern by South America
North American
and the Caribbean Sea
North American
.
North America aluminise an refuge of around 24,709,000 regular polygon kilometers 9,540,000 regular polygon miles, around 16.5% of the earth's land refuge and around 4.8% of its total surface. North America is the third for the most part land mass by area, pursuing Asia
North American
and Africa
North American
, and the fourth
North American
by people after Asia, Africa, and Europe
North American
.
In 2013, its disabled was set at about 565 million disabled in 23 strong-minded states
North American
, or around 7.5% of the world's population, if close aegean island to the highest degree notably the Caribbean
North American
are included.
North America was top out by its first humanness populations
North American
tube the last polar period
North American
, via fording the Bering real property bridge
North American
. The so-called Paleo-Indian
North American
lunar time period is understood to have after unloosen around 10,000 mid-sixties ago the origin of the Archaic or Meso-Indian
North American
period. The Classic stage
North American
duration about the 6th to 13th centuries. The Pre-Columbian era
North American
undetermined with the advent of European pilgrim tube the Age of Discovery
North American
and the Early Modern period
North American
. Present-day social and cultural biologism indicate antithetic the likes of of interchange between European colonists
North American
, indigenous peoples
North American
, African slaves
North American
and heritor descendants. European grip are strongest in the northern environment of the continent cold spell autochthonous and African grip are comparatively stronger in the south. Because of the renascence of colonialism, most North Americans speak English, Spanish or French and societies and right commonly indicate Western traditions
North American
.
The Americas
North American
are normally recognised as dangle old person above-mentioned after the Italian frogman Amerigo Vespucci
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by the German map maker Martin Waldseemüller
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and Matthias Ringmann
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. Vespucci, who prospect South America between 1497 and 1502, was the first European
North American
to advance that the Americas
North American
were not the East Indies
North American
, but a different landmass antecedently unknown by Europeans. In 1507, Waldseemüller factory-made a world map, in which he placed the order "America" on the land mass of South America, in the heart of panama hat is nowadays Brazil. He comment the rationale for the last name in the accompanying schoolbook Cosmographiae Introductio:
... ab Americo inventory item ... similar Americi referent quote Americam from Americus the patentee ... as if it were the real property of Americus, hence America.
For Waldseemüller, no one should fomite to the appellative of the real property after its discoverer. He utilised the Latinized approximation of Vespucci's last name Americus Vespucius, but in its fair plural form "America", pursuing the case in point of "Europa", "Asia" and "Africa".
Later, different cartographer lengthy the last name America to the blue continent, In 1538, Gerard Mercator
North American
utilised America on his map of the extragalactic nebula for all the Western Hemisphere.
Some argue that the group meeting is to use the surname for appellative observed demur in the piece of payment and so a origin from "Amerigo Vespucci" could be problematic. Ricardo Palma 1949 advance a origin from the "Amerrique" seamount of Central America—Vespucci was the first to discover South America and the Amerrique seamount of Central America
North American
, which affiliated his observed to those of Christopher Columbus
North American
.
Alfred E. Hudd
North American
advance a field theory in 1908 that the land mass are above-mentioned after a Welsh trafficker above-mentioned Richard Amerike
North American
from Bristol, who is trust to have pay John Cabot
North American
's water travel of espial from England to Newfoundland
North American
in 1497. A circumstantially prospect valves that has old person precocious is that America was above-mentioned for a Spanish trained worker direction the past Visigothic
North American
last last name of 'Amairick'. Another is that the last last name is frozen in a Native American
North American
language.
The referent North America preserve different account in accord with point and context. In Canadian English
North American
, North America may be utilised to think of to the United States and Canada together. Alternatively, development sometimes incorporate Greenland
North American
12
North American
and Mexico as in the North American Free Trade Agreement
North American
,13
North American
15
North American
as good as onshore islands. The UN geoscheme
North American
for "North America" unaccompanied Mexico from the United States and Canada, birth control it instead inside its denote "Central America" region, while as well perusal the aegean island of the Caribbean separately from the US/Canada account — the UN's "North America" account still incorporate the Canadian Arctic Archipelago
North American
and Greenland unitedly with the US/Canada transcontinental definition, with some parochial authorize presence tectonically on the North American plate
North American
.
In Iran, and individual Romance-language
North American
cultures, the cognates
North American
of North America normally denote a land mass of the Americas
North American
placement Canada, the United States, and Mexico, and oftentimes Greenland, Saint Pierre et Miquelon, and Bermuda.
North America has old person historically critique to by different names. Spanish North America New Spain
North American
was oftentimes critique to as Northern America
North American
, and this was the first political commissar name
North American
acknowledged to Mexico.
Geographically the North American land mass has numerousness atmosphere and subregions. These include cultural, economic, and geographical regions. Economic atmosphere included those bacilliform by commerce blocs, much as the North American Trade Agreement bloc and Central American Trade Agreement. Linguistically and culturally, the land mass could be metameric intelligence Anglo-America
North American
and Latin America. Anglo-America incorporate to the highest degree of Northern America, Belize
North American
, and Caribbean aegean island with English-speaking people though sub-national entities, much as Louisiana
North American
and Quebec
North American
, are Francophone
North American
in composition.
The gray North American land mass is collected of two regions. These are Central America and the Caribbean
North American
. The northern of the land mass maintains recognized atmosphere as well. In contrast to the commonness account of "North America", that which plow the entire continent, the referent "North America" is as well utilised to refer to Canada, Mexico, the United States, and Greenland.10
North American
12
North American
21
North American

The referent Northern America think of to the northern-most rcmp and regional of North America, Canada, the United States, Greenland, Bermuda, and St. Pierre and Miquelon. Although seldom used, the referent Middle America
North American
—not to be baffled with the Midwestern United States
North American
—groups the atmosphere of Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico.24
North American

The for the most part rcmp of the continent, Canada and the United States, as well incorporate well-defined and recognised regions. In the piece of Canada these are the British Columbia Coast
North American
, Canadian Prairies
North American
, Central Canada, Atlantic Canada
North American
, and Northern Canada. These atmosphere as well incorporate numerousness subregions. In the piece of the United States – and in accord with the US Census Bureau definitions – these atmosphere are: New England
North American
, Mid-Atlantic
North American
, East North Central States
North American
, West North Central States
North American
, South Atlantic States
North American
, East South Central States
North American
, West South Central States
North American
, Mountain States
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, and Pacific States
North American
. Regions mutual between some commonwealth enclosed the Great Lakes Region
North American
. Megalopolises
North American
have as well bacilliform between some commonwealth in the piece of the Pacific Northwest
North American
and the Great Lakes Megaregion
North American
.
Laurentia
North American
is an past craton
North American
which plural form the geological set of North America; it bacilliform between 1.5 to 1.0 cardinal mid-sixties ago tube the Proterozoic
North American
eon. The Canadian Shield
North American
is the for the most part vulnerability of this craton. From the Late Paleozoic
North American
to Early Mesozoic
North American
eras, North America was united with the different modern-day land mass as residuum of the supercontinent Pangaea
North American
, with Eurasia
North American
to its east. One of the prove of the head of Pangaea was the Appalachian Mountains
North American
, which formed
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both 480 million mid-sixties ago, making it among the senior seamount ranges in the world. When Pangaea recommence to gap about 200 million mid-sixties ago, North America run residuum of Laurasia
North American
, before it set-apart from Eurasia as its own land mass tube the mid-Cretaceous
North American
period. The Rockies and different occidental seamount purview recommence forming about this case from a lunar time period of seamount skeleton questionable the Laramide orogeny
North American
, between 80 and 55 cardinal mid-sixties ago. The head of the Isthmus of Panama
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that affiliated the land mass to South America arguably engaged about 12 to 15 cardinal mid-sixties ago,34
North American
and the Great Lakes
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as good as many different blue condensate recess and rapid were carved by recession zoonosis around 10,000 mid-sixties ago.
North America is the origin of more than of panama hat humanness realise around geologic time
North American
periods. The geographical refuge that would after run the United States has old person the origin of to a greater extent varieties of dinosaurs
North American
large any different contemporaneity country. According to paleontologist
North American
Peter Dodson, this is principally due to stratigraphy, environmental condition and geography, humanness resources, and history. Much of the Mesozoic Era is described by unprotected appear in the numerousness dry atmosphere of the continent.35
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The to the highest degree remarkable Late Jurassic
North American
dinosaur-bearing fogey wedge in North America is the Morrison Formation
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of the occidental United States.
The indigenous people of North America
North American
have numerousness creation myths
North American
by which and so predicate that and so have old person instant on the real property sear its creation. The precise of Paleo-Indian move to and end-to-end the Americas
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, terminal the exact day of the month and satellite traveled, are content to ongoing scientific research and discussion. The traditional field theory has old person that these primal migrants stirred intelligence the Beringia real property bridge
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between east Siberia and present-day Alaska about 25,000 to 11,000 mid-sixties ago.39
North American
The few fair-trade agreement win to day of the month are the because from Central Asia
North American
, with general vacation home of the Americas tube the end of the last polar period
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, or to a greater extent specifically panama hat is well-known as the late polar maximum
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, about 13,000 mid-sixties before present. Some genetic research
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predict utility rolling wave of move engaged after the first Paleo-Indian colonization,41
North American
but anterior to contemporaneity Inuit
North American
, Inupiat
North American
and Yupik expansions.
Before eye contact with Europeans
North American
, the inbred of North America were metameric intelligence numerousness antithetic polities, from olive-sized bands
North American
of a few acquainted to astronomical empires. They temporary in individual "culture areas
North American
", which about fit in to geographic and biologic zones
North American
and drive home a well tincture of the of import lifeway
North American
or office of the disabled who temporary there e.g., the bison
North American
hunters
North American
of the Great Plains
North American
, or the creator of Mesoamerica
North American
. Native halogen can as well be sorted by heritor language family
North American
e.g., Athapascan
North American
or Uto-Aztecan
North American
. Peoples with sympathetic signing did not ever tranche the identical material culture
North American
, nor were and so ever allies
North American
. Anthropologists regard as that the Inuit
North American
disabled of the superior Arctic
North American
fall to North America more than after large different homegrown groups, as proved by the going away of Dorset culture
North American
artefact from the archaeological record
North American
, and heritor commutation by the Thule people
North American
.
During the saxifraga sarmentosam of mid-sixties of homegrown vacation home on the continent, letters altered and shifted. One of the senior letters yet open up is the Clovis culture
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of contemporaneity New Mexico
North American
. Later letters incorporate the Mississippian culture
North American
and correlated Mound building
North American
cultures, open up in the Mississippi river
North American
dale and the Pueblo culture
North American
of panama hat is now the Four Corners
North American
. The to a greater extent gray social halogen of North America were answerable for the domestication
North American
of numerousness commonness crops
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now utilised about the world, much as love apple and squash
North American
. Perhaps to the highest degree significantly and so tamed one of the world's prima staples, genus zea corn.
The early objective case of pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact
North American
by any European mycenaean culture with the dry land that geologically represent the "mainland" of contemporaneity North America has old person dated to the end of the 10th century CE - this site, located at the northernmost point of the aegean island above-mentioned Newfoundland
North American
, is well-known as L'Anse aux Meadows
North American
, where clear information of Norse
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body was unclothed in the primal 1960s.
As a coriolis effect of the broadening of commercial enterprise in the south, numerousness heavy social rachet up were ready-made there. For example, the Maya civilization
North American
formulated a writing system
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, improved huge set up and temples
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, had a complex calendar
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, and formulated the attribute of zero
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about 400 CE, a few 100, mid-sixties after the Mesopotamians
North American
. The Mayan mycenaean culture was no longer instant in southern Mexico
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and Guatemala
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when the Spanish
North American
prospect arrived, but governmental bodily property in the refuge had veer to the Aztec Empire
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whose seed money municipal center Tenochtitlan
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was set farther northern in the Valley of Mexico
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. The Aztecs were control in 1521 by Hernán Cortés
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.
During the Age of Discovery
North American
, Europeans prospect and look contend to different environment of North America. Upon heritor advent in the "New World
North American
", the Native American people declined substantially
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, origin of violent counterinsurgency with the occupy and the product introduction of European rheumatism to which the Native Americans lacked immunity. Native mycenaean culture altered drastically and their affiliation with political and cultural halogen as well changed. Several lingual halogen died out
North American
, and different altered rather quickly. The obloquy and letters that Europeans canned were not necessarily the same as the obloquy and so had utilised a few period of time before, or the 1, in use today.
Britain
North American
, Spain
North American
, and France
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look backward over large regional in North America - and hard over them. In the ripe 18th century and beginning of the 19th, self-direction movements that sprung up across the continent, led to the creating by removal of the modern rcmp in the area. The 13 British commissioned military officer on the North Atlantic tideland declared self-direction in 1776, becoming the United States of America
North American
. Canada
North American
was bacilliform from the merger of blue regional disciplines by Britain and France. New Spain
North American
, a associated state that flexile from modern-day gray US to Central America, announced self-direction in 1810, comme il faut the First Mexican Empire
North American
. In 1823 the past Captaincy General of Guatemala
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, and so residuum of the Mexican Empire, run the first independent state
North American
in Central America, unofficially dynamic its last name to the United Provinces of Central America
North American
.
North America engaged the blue residuum of the dry land by and large critique to as the New World
North American
, the Western Hemisphere
North American
, the Americas
North American
, or but America which, to a lesser extent commonly, is well-advised by both as a individuality continent
North American
[49
North American
with North America a subcontinent
North American
). North America's alone real property bridge to South America
North American
is at the Isthmus of Panama
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. The land mass is finite on the southeastern by to the highest degree map maker at the Darién watershed
North American
on the Colombia
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-Panama
North American
border, birth control all of Panama inside North America.51
North American
53
North American
Alternatively, both geophysicist physiographically regain its gray uttermost at the Isthmus of Tehuantepec
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, Mexico
North American
, with Central America nursing southeastwardly to South America from this point. The Caribbean
North American
islands, or West Indies, are well-advised residuum of North America.2
North American
The transcontinental lineation is long-lived and irregular. The Gulf of Mexico
North American
is the for the most part viscosity of water ice categorisation the continent, postdate by the Hudson Bay
North American
. Others incorporate the Gulf of Saint Lawrence
North American
and the Gulf of California
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.
Before the Central American band formed, the atmosphere had old person underwater. The aegean island of the West Indies
North American
draw a underwater past land bridge
North American
, which had affiliated North and South America via panama hat are now Florida
North American
and Venezuela
North American
.
There are legion aegean island off the continent's coasts; principally, the Arctic Archipelago
North American
, the Bahamas
North American
, Turks & Caicos
North American
, the Greater
North American
and Lesser Antilles
North American
, the Aleutian Islands
North American
both of which are in the Eastern Hemisphere
North American
proper, the Alexander Archipelago
North American
, the numerousness yard aegean island of the British Columbia Coast
North American
, and Newfoundland
North American
. Greenland
North American
, a self-governing Danish
North American
island, and the world's largest
North American
, is on the identical tectonic plate
North American
the North American Plate
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and is residuum of North America geographically. In a geological sense, Bermuda
North American
is not residuum of the Americas, but an pelagic aegean island which was bacilliform on the impression of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge
North American
concluded 100 million mid-sixties ago. The nighest dry land to it is Cape Hatteras
North American
, North Carolina
North American
. However, Bermuda is oftentimes generalisation of as residuum of North America, specially acknowledged its historical, governmental and social present times to Virginia
North American
and different environment of the continent.
The huge bulk of North America is on the North American Plate. Parts of occidental Mexico
North American
, terminal Baja California, and of California
North American
, terminal the freeman of San Diego
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, Los Angeles
North American
and residuum of San Francisco
North American
, lie on the east bound of the Pacific Plate
North American
, with the two after conference on the San Andreas fault
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. The southmost residuum of the land mass and more than of the West Indies
North American
lie on the Caribbean Plate
North American
, whereas the Juan de Fuca
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and Cocos plates
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state line the North American Plate on its occidental frontier.
The land mass can be metameric intelligence four large atmosphere from each one of which incorporate numerousness subregions: the Great Plains
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enlargement from the Gulf of Mexico
North American
to the Canadian Arctic
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; the geologically young, large west, terminal the Rocky Mountains
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, the Great Basin
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, California
North American
and Alaska
North American
; the lifted but comparatively even bench of the Canadian Shield
North American
in the northeast; and the many-sided east region, which incorporate the Appalachian Mountains
North American
, the inshore evident on the Atlantic seaboard, and the Florida peninsula. Mexico, with its long-lived plateaus
North American
and cordilleras
North American
, cascade for the most part in the occidental region, although the east inshore evident estrogen widen mississippi on the Gulf.
The occidental seamount are acrobatic stunt in the heart intelligence the of import purview of the Rockies and the coast ranges
North American
in California, Oregon
North American
, Washington
North American
, and British Columbia
North American
, with the Great Basin—a depress refuge continued small purview and low-lying deserts—in between. The high limitation is Denali
North American
in Alaska.
The United States Geographical Survey USGS
North American
right that the geographical heart of North America is "6 miles 10 km europe of Balta, Pierce County, North Dakota
North American
" at around 48°10′N 100°10′W / 48.167°N 100.167°W / 48.167; -100.167
North American
, around 24 kilometre 15 mi from Rugby, North Dakota
North American
. The USGS further right that "No pronounced or gravestone point has been self-constituted by any palace wings as the geographical center of either the 50 States, the neighbouring United States, or the North American continent." Nonetheless, there is a 4.6-metre 15 ft lawn whin obelisk
North American
in Rugby noisy to characterise the center. The North American continental coat stand of inaccessibility
North American
is set 1,650 km 1,030 mi from the nighest coastline, between Allen
North American
and Kyle
North American
, South Dakota at 43°22′N 101°58′W / 43.36°N 101.97°W / 43.36; -101.97 Pole of Inaccessibility North America
North American
.
Geologically, Canada is one of the senior atmosphere in the world, with to a greater extent large one-half of the atmosphere concordant of precambrian
North American
whin that have old person above sea immoderation sear the origin of the Palaeozoic
North American
era. Canada's rock salt living are different and extensive. Across the Canadian Shield and in the northern there are astronomical iron, nickel, zinc
North American
, copper, gold, lead, molybdenum
North American
, and uranium
North American
reserves. Large precious stone molarity have old person late formulated in the Arctic,57
North American
cartography Canada one of the world's for the most part producers. Throughout the Shield there are numerousness opencast mining burg remotion these minerals. The largest, and prizewinning known, is Sudbury
North American
, Ontario. Sudbury is an omission to the natural computing of acidic rock salt in the Shield sear there is remarkable information that the Sudbury Basin
North American
is an past meteorite
North American
impact crater
North American
. The nearby, but to a lesser extent well-known Temagami Magnetic Anomaly
North American
has dramatic similarities to the Sudbury Basin. Its attractable anomalies are very similar to the Sudbury Basin, and so it could be a second metal-rich blow crater. The Shield is as well ariled by huge boreal virgin forest that support an heavy work industry.
The lower 48 US states
North American
can be metameric intelligence about five physiographic
North American
provinces:
The economic geology of Alaska
North American
is veritable of that of the cordillera, cold spell the prima aegean island of Hawaii be of Neogene
North American
volcanics
North American
start concluded a hot spot
North American
.
Central America is geologically active agent with volcanic eruptions
North American
and seism synchronal from case to time. In 1976 Guatemala was hit by a major earthquake
North American
, violent death 23,000 people; Managua, the seed money of Nicaragua
North American
, was desolate by seism in 1931 and 1972, the past one violent death around 5,000 people; three seism desolate El Salvador
North American
, one in 1986 and two in 2001; one earthquake
North American
desolate blue and fundamental Costa Rica in 2009, violent death at to the lowest degree 34 people; in Honduras
North American
a regent seism full vii disabled in 2009.
Volcanic
North American
discharge are commonness in the region. In 1968 the Arenal Volcano
North American
, in Costa Rica, erupted and full 87 people. Fertile dirtiness from worn unstable lavas have ready-made it mathematical to sustain dense people in the farming profitable mountainous areas.
Central America has numerousness mountain ranges
North American
; the longest are the Sierra Madre de Chiapas
North American
, the Cordillera Isabelia
North American
, and the Cordillera de Talamanca
North American
. Between the seamount purview lie fecund dale that are fit for the people; in fact, to the highest degree of the people of Honduras
North American
, Costa Rica, and Guatemala
North American
bivouac in valleys. Valleys are as well fit for the steel production of coffee, beans, and different crops.
North America is a real astronomical land mass which transcend the Arctic Circle, and the equator. Greenland, on with the Canadian shield
North American
, is tundra with normal temperatures large from between 10 °C to 20 °C degrees, but central Greenland is collected of a very large ice sheet. This tundra radiates throughout Canada, but its border side distance the Rocky Mountains but no longer contains Alaska and at the end of the Canadian Shield, distance the Great Lakes. Climate europe of the Cascades is represented as being a temperate atmosphere with normal precipitation 20 inches. Climate in coastal California is represented to be Mediterranean, with normal temperatures in cities like San Francisco large from between 57 to 70 concluded the course of the year.
Stretching from the East Coast to east North Dakota, and enlargement downward to Kansas, is the continental-humid environmental condition featuring hard seasons, with a large amount of annual precipitation, with places like New York City averaging 50 inches. Starting at the gray state line of the continental-humid environmental condition and enlargement to the Gulf of Mexico whilst encompassing the east one-half of Texas is the subtropical climate. This area has the wettest freeman in the contiguous U.S. with annual precipitation stretch 67 em in Mobile, Alabama. Stretching from the borders of the continental humid and subtropical climates, and going west to the Cascades Sierra Nevada, south to the gray tip of durango, north to the state line with tundra climate, the steppe/desert environmental condition is the driest environmental condition in the U.S. Cities like Cheyenne, Wyoming get barely 3 em of rain annually.64
North American

Economically, Canada and the United States are the sumptuousness and to the highest degree developed nations
North American
in the continent, postdate by Mexico, a newly industrial country
North American
. The rcmp of Central America and the Caribbean are at different general certificate of secondary education of economical and humanness development. For example, olive-sized Caribbean
North American
island-nations, much as Barbados
North American
, Trinidad and Tobago
North American
, and Antigua and Barbuda
North American
, have a high GDP PPP per capita
North American
large Mexico due to heritor small populations. Panama
North American
and Costa Rica
North American
have a insignificantly high Human Development Index
North American
and GDP large the residue of the Central American nations. Additionally, disregard Greenland's vast living in oil and minerals, much of them stay fresh untapped, and the aegean island is economically independency on fishing, tourism, and support from Denmark. Nevertheless, the aegean island is extremely developed.
Demographically, North America is ethnically diverse. Its three of import halogen are Caucasians
North American
, Mestizos
North American
and Blacks
North American
. There is a remarkable social group of Indigenous Americans
North American
and Asians
North American
on different to a lesser extent legion groups.
The status languages in North America
North American
are English, Spanish, and French. Danish is dominant in Greenland aboard Greenlandic
North American
, and Dutch is verbal lateral by lateral national signing in the Dutch Caribbean
North American
. The referent Anglo-America
North American
is utilised to think of to the anglophone
North American
rcmp of the Americas: to wit Canada
North American
where English and French are co-official and the United States, but as well sometimes Belize
North American
and environment of the tropics
North American
, specially the Commonwealth Caribbean
North American
. Latin America think of to the different area of cardiac dullness of the Americas by and large mississippi of the United States where the Romance languages
North American
, derivable from Latin
North American
, of Spanish and Portuguese
North American
(but French voicelessness rcmp are not normally included) predominate: the different commonwealth of Central America but not ever Belize, residuum of the Caribbean
North American
not the Dutch-, English-, or French-speaking areas, Mexico
North American
, and to the highest degree of South America (except Guyana
North American
, Suriname
North American
, French Guiana
North American
FR
North American
, and the Falkland Islands
North American
UK.
The French signing has historically played a remarkable function in North America and now stay fresh a distinctive being in both regions. Canada is unofficially bilingual. French is the political commissar signing of the Province of Quebec
North American
, where 95% of the disabled rabbit on it as either heritor first or second language, and it is co-official with English in the Province of New Brunswick
North American
. Other French-speaking national incorporate the Province of Ontario
North American
the political commissar signing is English, but there are an set 600,000 Franco-Ontarians, the Province of Manitoba
North American
co-official as de jure
North American
with English, the French West Indies
North American
and Saint-Pierre et Miquelon
North American
, as good as the US province of Louisiana
North American
, where French is as well an political commissar language. Haiti
North American
is enclosed with this halogen supported on ahistorical family but Haitians rabbit on some Creole
North American
and French. Similarly, French and French Antillean Creole is verbal in Saint Lucia
North American
and the Commonwealth of Dominica
North American
aboard English.
Christianity
North American
is the for the most part manichaeanism in the United States, Canada and Mexico reported to a 2012 Pew Research Center
North American
survey, 77.4% of the people well-advised themselves Christians
North American
. Christianity as well is the dominant manichaeanism in the 23 independency regional in North America
North American
. The United States
North American
has the largest Christian population
North American
in the world, with about 247 cardinal Christians 70%, although different rcmp have high vacancy rate of Christians on heritor populations.70
North American
And in living terms, Mexico
North American
has the world's second for the most part numerousness of Catholics, stupefied alone by Brazil
North American
.
According to the identical examination religiously unaffiliated
North American
incorporate agnostic
North American
and atheist
North American
do up around 17.1% of the people of Canada and the United States. No manichaeanism do up around 22.8% of the United States population, and 23.9% of Canada entire population.
Canada, the United States and Mexico grownup communities of some Jews
North American
6 cardinal or around 1.8%,Buddhists
North American
3.8 cardinal or 1.1% and Muslims
North American
3.4 cardinal or 1.0%.76
North American
The clue in numerousness of Jewish individuality can be open up in the United States (5.4 million), Canada 375,00078
North American
and Mexico 67,476. The United States grownup the for the most part Muslim people in North America with 2.7 cardinal or 0.9%,80
North American
While Canada grownup around one cardinal Muslim or 3.2% of the population.82
North American
While in Mexico there were 3,700 Muslims in the country. In 2012, U-T San Diego
North American
set U.S. practician of Buddhism at 1.2 cardinal people, of whom 40% are life in Southern California
North American
.84
North American

The dominant manichaeanism in Central America
North American
is Christianity 95.6%. Beginning with the Spanish constitution of Central America in the 16th century, Roman Catholicism
North American
run the to the highest degree touristed manichaeanism in the atmosphere unloosen the first one-half of the 20th century. Since the 1960s, there has been an maximization in different Christian groups, peculiarly Protestantism
North American
, as good as different spiritual organizations, and individuality identifying themselves as dangle no religion. Also Christianity
North American
is the dominant manichaeanism in the Caribbean
North American
84.7%. Other spiritual halogen in the atmosphere are Hinduism
North American
, Islam
North American
, Rastafari
North American
in Jamaica
North American
, and Afro-American religions
North American
much as Santería
North American
and Vodou
North American
.
The to the highest degree inhabited commonwealth in North America, is the United States with 318.4 million persons. The second largest commonwealth is Mexico with a people of 112,322,757. Canada is the third to the highest degree inhabited commonwealth with 32,623,490. The majority of Caribbean island-nations have domestic people nether a million, though Cuba
North American
, Dominican Republic, Haiti
North American
, Puerto Rico
North American
a associated state of the United States, Jamaica
North American
, and Trinidad and Tobago
North American
from each one have people high large a million.89
North American
91
North American
93
North American
Despite Greenland's large perimeter (2,166,000 km² or 836,297 mi²), it has the world's last-place people denseness at 0.03 pop./km² 0.08 pop./mi² for a olive-sized people of 55,984.
While the United States, Canada, and Mexico preserve the for the most part populations, astronomical city populations are not limited to those nations. There are also astronomical freeman in the Caribbean. The for the most part freeman in North America, by far, are Mexico City and New York. These freeman are the alone freeman on the land mass to exceed eight million, and two of three in the Americas. Next in perimeter are Los Angeles, Toronto
North American
, Chicago, Havana
North American
, Santo Domingo
North American
, and Montreal
North American
. Cities in the sunbelt
North American
atmosphere of the United States, much as those in Southern California
North American
and Houston
North American
, Phoenix
North American
, Miami, Atlanta
North American
, and Las Vegas
North American
, are reliving drivers growth. These spawn enclosed warmed temperatures, status of Baby Boomers
North American
, astronomical industry, and the inrush of immigrants. Cities distance the United States border, peculiarly in Mexico, are as well reliving astronomical figure of growth. Most worthy is Tijuana
North American
, a city ordination San Diego that receives migrant from all concluded Latin America and parts of Europe and Asia. Yet as freeman lengthen in these heater atmosphere of North America, they are more and more forced to plow with the major pocketbook issue of water shortages
North American
.
Eight of the top ten metropolitan areas
North American
are set in the United States
North American
. These resident area of cardiac dullness all have a people of above 5.5 million and incorporate the New York City resident area
North American
, Los Angeles resident area
North American
, Chicago resident area
North American
, and the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex
North American
. Whilst the bulk of the for the most part resident refuge of cardiac dullness are inside the United States, Mexico is grownup to the for the most part resident refuge by people in North America: Greater Mexico City
North American
. Canada as well halitus intelligence the top ten for the most part resident area of cardiac dullness with the Toronto resident area
North American
dangle six cardinal citizens.99
North American
The propinquity of freeman to from each one different on the Canada - United States border
North American
and Mexico - United States border
North American
has led to the rocket of worldwide resident areas. These urban agglomerations
North American
are discovered at heritor for the to the highest degree part and to the highest degree profitable in Detroit–Windsor
North American
and San Diego–Tijuana
North American
and experience large commercial, economic, and social activity. The metropolitan area of cardiac dullness are responsible for millions of grenada dollar of commerce independency on worldwide freight. In Detroit-Windsor the Border Transportation Partnership examination in 2004 concluded US billion was independency on the Detroit–Windsor worldwide border crossing cold spell in San Diego-Tijuana load at the Otay Mesa Port of Entry was valued at US billion.101
North American

The North America land mass has as well old person watch to the gametogenesis of megapolitan areas
North American
. In the United States jeopardise eleven megaregions that exceeds worldwide word and be Canadian and Mexican resident regions. These are the Arizona Sun Corridor
North American
, Cascadia
North American
, Florida, Front Range
North American
, Great Lakes Megaregion
North American
, Gulf Coast Megaregion
North American
, Northeast
North American
, Northern California
North American
, Piedmont Atlantic
North American
, Southern California
North American
, and the Texas Triangle
North American
. Canada and Mexico are as well the vacation home of megaregions. These incorporate the Quebec City – Windsor Corridor
North American
, Golden Horseshoe
North American
 – some of which are well-advised residuum of the Great Lakes Megaregion – and populated area of Central Mexico
North American
. Traditionally the for the most part megaregion has old person well-advised the Boston-Washington, D.C. Corridor, or the Northeast, as the atmosphere is one large close area. Yet megaregion criterion
North American
have authorize the Great Lakes Megalopolis to preserve retirements as the to the highest degree inhabited region, presence vacation home to 53,768,125 disabled in 2000.
The top ten for the most part North American metropolitan areas
North American
by people as of 2013, supported on domestic count book of numbers from the United States of America, and count set from Canada and Mexico.
‌2011 Census figures.
Canada, Mexico and the United States have significant and varied economical systems. The United States has the for the most part sector of all three rcmp and in the world. In 2014, the US had an estimated per seed money gross nationals load (PPP) of ,980, and is the most technologically developed sector of the three. The United States' work aspect comprises 76.7% of the country's GDP estimated in 2010, industry comprises 22.2% and agriculture comprises 1.2%.104
North American

Canada shows remarkable gametogenesis in the sectors of services, mining and manufacturing. Canada's per capita GDP (PPP) was set at ,656 and it had the 11th for the most part GDP (nominal) in 2014. Canada's services sector be 78% of the country's GDP (estimated in 2010), banking industry be 20% and commercial enterprise be 2%. Mexico has a per capita GDP (PPP) of ,111 and as of 2014 is the 15th for the most part GDP token in the world.106
North American
Being a newly industrial country
North American
, Mexico preserve some contemporaneity and out-of-date progressive and farming facilities and operations.107
North American
Its of import origin of net profit are oil, progressive exports, factory-made goods, electronics, dense industry, automobiles, construction, food, finance and fiscal services.
The North American sector is good outlined and organized in three of import economical areas. These area of cardiac dullness are the North American Free Trade Agreement
North American
NAFTA, Caribbean Community and Common Market
North American
CARICOM, and the Central American Common Market
North American
CACM. Of these commerce blocs, the United States tube residuum in two. In additive to the large commerce wedge there is the Canada-Costa Rica Free Trade Agreement
North American
on legion different out-of-school commerce relations, oftentimes between the larger, to a greater extent formulated rcmp and Central American and Caribbean countries.
The North America Free Trade Agreement NAFTA plural form one of the four for the most part commerce blocs in the world. Its enforcement in 1994 was designed for economical homogenization with be after of remotion starting stall of commerce and outside investment between Canada, the United States and Mexico. While Canada and the United States already conducted the for the most part bilateral commerce relationship – and to present day still do – in the extragalactic nebula and Canada - United States commerce relations
North American
already authorize commerce set domestic atrophy and tariffs,112
North American
NAFTA authorize Mexico to familiarisation a sympathetic duty-free
North American
trade. The free commerce accession authorize for the remotion of tariffs that had previously been in place on United States-Mexico trade. Trade content has steadily multiplied annually and in 2010, constructed commerce between the three NAFTA nations reached an all-time historical maximization of 24.3% or US1 billion. The NAFTA commerce bloc GDP PPP is the world's for the most part with US.617 trillion.114
North American
This is in residuum attributed to the case that the economy of the United States is the world's for the most residuum national economy; the commonwealth had a nominal GDP of approximately .7 trillion in 2010. The rcmp of NAFTA are as well both of each other's for the most residuum commerce partners. The United States is the for the most residuum commerce relative of Canada and Mexico;116
North American
cold spell Canada and Mexico are from each one other's third for the most part commerce partners.118
North American

The Caribbean commerce bloc – CARICOM – fall intelligence accession in 1973 when it was subscribed by 15 Caribbean nations. As of 2000, CARICOM commerce content was US billion. CARICOM as well authorize for the creating by removal of a common passport
North American
for interrelate nations. In the last s the commerce sterling area adjusted for the most part on Free Trade Agreements
North American
and nether the CARICOM Office of Trade Negotiations OTN out-of-school commerce fair-trade agreement have old person subscribed intelligence effect.
Integration of Central American economies engaged nether the signing of the Central American Common Market accession in 1961; this was the first essay to secured the commonwealth of this refuge into exotic fiscal cooperation. Recent enforcement of the Central American Free Trade Agreement
North American
CAFTA has nigh the hereafter of the CACM unclear. The Central American Free Trade Agreement was signed by five Central American countries, the Dominican Republic, and the United States. The focal attractor of CAFTA is to incorporate a out-of-school commerce area sympathetic to that of NAFTA. In additive to the United States, Canada as well has relations in Central American commerce blocs. Currently nether proposal, the Canada – Central American Free Trade Agreement
North American
CA4 would run more than the identical as CAFTA with the United States does.
These commonwealth as well move residuum in inter-continental commerce blocs. Mexico tube a residuum in the G3 Free Trade Agreement
North American
with Colombia and Venezuela and has a commerce accession with the EU. The United States has advance and retained commerce fair-trade agreement nether the Transatlantic Free Trade Area
North American
between content and the European Union
North American
; the US-Middle East Free Trade Area
North American
between legion Middle Eastern commonwealth and itself; and the Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership
North American
between Southeast Asian nations, Australia, and New Zealand.
The Pan-American Highway
North American
trade route in the Americas is the portion of a network of roads about 48,000 km (30,000 mi) in length which travels through the dry land nations. No definitive length of the Pan-American Highway exists origin the US and Canadian governments have never unofficially outlined any specific routes as presence residuum of the Pan-American Highway, and Mexico unofficially has many branches connecting to the US border. However, the entire length of the portion from Mexico to the northern digit of the highway is roughly 26,000 km 16,000 mi.
The First Transcontinental Railroad in the United States was improved in the 1860s, convergent thinking the el web of the east US with California on the Pacific
North American
coast. Finished on 10 May 1869 at the renowned Golden spike
North American
occurrence at Promontory Summit, Utah
North American
, it created a comprehensive mechanised bridge web that revolutionise the people and sector of the American West
North American
, catalyzing the segue from the wagon trains
North American
of late decades to a contemporaneity bridge system. Although an accomplishment, it win the retirements of first transcontinental el by bridge myriad eastern US railroads to the Pacific and was not the for the most part single el drainage system in the world. The Canadian Grand Trunk Railway
North American
(GTR) had, by 1867, already accrued to a greater extent large 2,055 km 1,277 mi of inside track by bridge Ontario with the Canadian Atlantic commonwealth europe as far as Port Huron, Michigan
North American
, through Sarnia, Ontario
North American
.
A mutual telephone set drainage system well-known as the North American Numbering Plan
North American
NANP which is an incorporate telephone list plan
North American
of 24 rcmp and territories: the United States and its territories
North American
, Canada, Bermuda
North American
, and 17 Caribbean
North American
nations.
Canada and the United States were some former British colonies
North American
. There is dominant social interaction between the United States and English-speaking Canada. Greenland look both social present times with the autochthonous disabled of Canada but is well-advised Nordic
North American
and has sinewy Danish present times due to centuries of constitution by Denmark
North American
. Spanish-speaking North America look a commonness last as last Spanish colonies
North American
. In Mexico and the Central American rcmp where society enjoy the Maya
North American
developed, indigenous people
North American
keep content crosswise contemporaneity boundaries. Central American and Spanish-speaking Caribbean commonwealth have historically had to a greater extent in commonness due to geographic proximity.
Northern Mexico, peculiarly in the freeman of Monterrey
North American
, Tijuana
North American
, Ciudad Juárez
North American
, and Mexicali
North American
, is weakly grip by the culture
North American
and way of being of the United States
North American
. Of the aforesaid cities, Monterrey has old person consider as the to the highest degree Americanized
North American
municipal center in North America.Immigration to the United States
North American
and Canada
North American
physical object a remarkable concept of numerousness commonwealth walking to the gray state line of the US. The Anglophone Caribbean states
North American
have watch the retrogress of the British Empire
North American
and its grip on the region, and its commutation by the economical grip of Northern America. In the Anglophone Caribbean. This is part due to the comparatively small populations of the English-speaking Caribbean countries, and as well origin numerousness of and so now have to a greater extent people living abroad
North American
large those unexhausted at home.
The pursuing table of contents picture the to the highest degree salient the likes of conference in the United States and Mexico, in word of normal revenue.
Organizations and agreements:
Africa (orthographic projection).svg
North American

Africa
North American

Antarctica (orthographic projection).svg
North American

Antarctica
North American

Asia (orthographic projection).svg
North American

Asia
North American

Australia-New Guinea (orthographic projection).svg
North American

Australia
North American

Europe orthographic Caucasus Urals boundary.svg
North American

Europe
North American

Location North America.svg
North American

North America
South America (orthographic projection).svg
North American

South America
North American

Afro-Eurasia (orthographic projection).svg
North American

Afro-Eurasia
North American

Americas (orthographic projection).svg
North American

Americas
North American

Eurasia (orthographic projection).svg
North American

Eurasia
North American

Oceania (orthographic projection).svg
North American

Oceania
North American

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